One Health &
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
One Health

A 'One Health' approach recognises that the health and welfare of animals and humans, and the environment, are closely aligned and indeed interdependent. Vets have been at the forefront of global efforts to emphasize this interdependence, and substantial progress is being made in creating interdisciplinary and professional coalitions which can more effectively tackle the challenges posed in both developed and developing nations around the world. Despite undoubted progress, much remains to be done, particularly in recognising how the ecology and epidemiology of disease across the species is so often influenced by the environmental factors precipitating disease transmission. Outbreaks can occur to the detriment of both animals and humans, and with significant economic impact.

Antimicrobial stewardship

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is recognised as one of the biggest challenges facing global society and the medical and agricultural sectors globally have a responsibility to respond proactively. A failure to produce novel antimicrobials, and the use and misuse of existing antimicrobials with suboptimal stewardship, is creating ongoing resistance problems in target populations, with dire warnings globally of the potential impacts both now and in the future. The clinical consequences of AMR are already commonly seen, and a One Health approach is required to tackle the problem. Significant progress has been made in the veterinary sector by reducing antimicrobial use by volume in more intensive livestock sectors, protection of Critically Important Antimicrobials (CIAs) and more selectively targeting medicine to target organism and species. More interdisciplinary research, using both natural and social science approaches, is required in areas such as mapping reservoirs of infectious resistant organisms, further elucidating transmission pathways, and better understanding stakeholder attitudes and behaviours in relation to antimicrobial use.



Zoonotic organisms, both those which have long been recognised together with those which are newly emerging, pose challenges for human wellbeing across the world. Veterinary surveillance in livestock plays a fundamental role in recording and evaluating changing patterns in endemic disease whilst also remaining alert to newly emerging diseases. In addition to disease transmission pathways involving direct contact between animals and humans, compromised food safety can result in outbreaks of zoonotic disease in humans. More research is required to understand the epidemiology of disease and the development of preventative programmes in primary production and in food processing. Changing climactic conditions are likely to affect the range and reach of zoonotic infections around the world and help illustrate the role that more holistic and multifaceted One Health approaches to finding sustainable solutions can play.


InSHAW aims to build partnerships and create opportunities involving:
Collaborative research on sustainable livestock health and welfare
The development of inclusive educational sustainability programmes for your organisation
Influencing opinion and policy development locally, regionally, nationally and internationally
To find out more and discuss opportunities to collaborate with the InSHAW network or to participate in future events please contact InSHAW by telephone on +44 (0)1782 731846 or email